Background: The separation of pharmaceutical prescription and dispensing law was implemented in July 1 st of 2000. This law was initiated by government without a through consensus among related stakeholders in the process of policy decision, eventually raising contention about decision making process rather than the performance of the policy. Methods: Therefore, this study tries to identify the accomplishment of the policy goals; based on the last decade`s research we assessed inhibition of unnecessary prescription, drug misuse and overuse prevention, prevention of drug-related sentinel events, reducing unnecessary drug utilization, and reducing nation`s medical cost. Results: Assessment results represent that government-suggested goal of the policy lacks sufficient evidence to evaluate accomplishment. Conclusion: Unlike other studies that evaluate problems regarding drug dispensing policy in the policy decision process, this study is meaningful in that it evaluated the policy goal based on the lastlen years of related study results.