인천 영종도 운서동유적그룹의 신석기시대 주거지 최적 입지환경 -지리 및 지형학적 관점에서-
분야
자연과학 > 지질
저자
박지훈 ( Ji Hoon Park ) , 이애진 ( Ae Jin Lee )
발행기관
한국지형학회
간행물정보
한국지형학회지 2013년, 제20권 제3호, 15~25페이지(총11페이지)
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44100745.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    국문초록
    본 연구목적은 지리 및 지형학적 관점에서 인천 영종도 운서동유적그룹을 대상으로 신석기시대 주거지(이하 주거지)의 최적 입지환경을 밝히는 것이다. 이를 위하여 현재까지 조사지역에서 확인된 개별 주거지(총 68기)가 입지하고 있는 구릉의 지표면을 대상으로 미지형, 표고, 경사도, 용수하천거리 및 용수하상비고를 분석하였다. 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 조사지역에 거주했던 신석기인들은 주거지의 입지를 선정할 때 구릉내에서도 상부곡벽사면을 가장 선호했던 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 그들은 표고가 21-31m, 경사도가 5-10°(완경사지), 용수하천거리가 514-549m 그리고 용수하상비고가 11-23m에 해당되는 입지환경에 주거지를 주로 조성했던 것으로 밝혀졌다. 또한 그들은 주거지(또는 취락) 조성 시 약 2개소에서 동시에 용수 취득이 가능한지에 대한 여부도 고려했던 것으로 확인되었다.
    영문초록
    The purpose of this study is to identify the environment of optimal location of the dwelling (hereafter referred as dwelling site) in the Neolithic Age found in Unseo-dong relics group, Yeongjong-do, Incheon from the geographical and geomorphological perspectives. For this purpose, micro-landform, altitude, gradient, distance from the river of water available for use and the difference between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use based on change of dwelling site over periods were analyzed targeting ground surface of hills where individual dwelling sites (a total of 68 sites) discovered in investigation area so far. As a result, it was shown that the Upper sideslope were selected as the primary dwelling location standard in investigation area where the Neolithic people lived upon selecting the dwelling site (or settlement). In addition, the ground surface of dwelling site had the altitude of 21-31m and slope of 5-10° (gentle slope) as the secondary and it had distance of 514-549m from the river of water available for use and difference of 11-23m between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use. Thus, it was shown that the space to get water relatively easy from two places at the same time was the secondary dwelling location standard.The purpose of this study is to identify the environment of optimal location of the dwelling (hereafter referred as dwelling site) in the Neolithic Age found in Unseo-dong relics group, Yeongjong-do, Incheon from the geographical and geomorphological perspectives. For this purpose, micro-landform, altitude, gradient, distance from the river of water available for use and the difference between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use based on change of dwelling site over periods were analyzed targeting ground surface of hills where individual dwelling sites (a total of 68 sites) discovered in investigation area so far. As a result, it was shown that the Upper sideslope were selected as the primary dwelling location standard in investigation area where the Neolithic people lived upon selecting the dwelling site (or settlement). In addition, the ground surface of dwelling site had the altitude of 21-31m and slope of 5-10° (gentle slope) as the secondary and it had distance of 514-549m from the river of water available for use and difference of 11-23m between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use. Thus, it was shown that the space to get water relatively easy from two places at the same time was the secondary dwelling location standard.The purpose of this study is to identify the environment of optimal location of the dwelling (hereafter referred as dwelling site) in the Neolithic Age found in Unseo-dong relics group, Yeongjong-do, Incheon from the geographical and geomorphological perspectives. For this purpose, micro-landform, altitude, gradient, distance from the river of water available for use and the difference between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use based on change of dwelling site over periods were analyzed targeting ground surface of hills where individual dwelling sites (a total of 68 sites) discovered in investigation area so far. As a result, it was shown that the Upper sideslope were selected as the primary dwelling location standard in investigation area where the Neolithic people lived upon selecting the dwelling site (or settlement). In addition, the ground surface of dwelling site had the altitude of 21-31m and slope of 5-10° (gentle slope) as the secondary and it had distance of 514-549m from the river of water available for use and difference of 11-23m between the highest altitude and lowest altitude of river bed of water available for use. Thus, it was shown that the space to get water relatively easy from two places at the same time was the secondary dwelling location standard.
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