현장 조사를 통한 안면도 둔두리 해식애의 침식율 산정 및 침식형태 분류

분야
자연과학 > 지질
저자
김장수 ( Jang Soo Kim ) , 장동호 ( Dong Ho Jang )
발행기관
한국지형학회
간행물정보
한국지형학회지 2013년, 제20권 제3호, 41~53페이지(총13페이지)
파일형식
44100747.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    국문초록
    이 연구는 안면도 둔두리 해식애를 대상으로 주기적인 현장조사를 통해 침식율을 산정하고, 침식형태를 분류하였다. 침식기준목을 이용한 현장 측정결과, 해식애의 연간 침식율은 지점별로 약 25~102cm/yr 정도로 추정되었다. 침식율은 봄에서 여름까지 점차 증가하다가 가을에 다소 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 특히, 6~7월 사이의 침식율이 다소 감소하는 추세를 보이다가 7~9월 사이에 급격히 증가하였다. 이러한 원인은 연구지역에 직접적인 영향을 끼친 여름 집중호우 및 태풍으로 발생한 폭풍해일에 의해 해식애의 침식이 다른 기간에 비해 급격하게 진행된 것으로 판단된다. 그 후 해식애의 침식율은 가을철이 되면서 점차 감소하다 12월에서 1월이 되면 다시 증가세를 보이는데, 이는 겨울철 해식애의 기반암이 동결·융해작용을 반복하면서 기계적풍화가 활발히 진행되었기 때문인 것으로 판단된다. 둔두리 해식애의 침식 형태별 유형은 세 가지 유형으로 구분이 된다. 첫 번째Type A의 경우 동일한 기반암 혹은 경암층으로 이루어진 해식애에서 관찰되는 유형이다. 두 번째, Type B의 경우 동일한 기반암 혹은 경암층으로 이루어진 해식애 면에 토양을 포함한 풍화물질이 형성되어 있는 비교적 TypeA에 비해 경사가 완만한 해식애에서 관찰되는 유형이다. 마지막으로, Type C의 경우 경암층과 연암층이 혼재되어있는 해식애에서 관찰되는 유형으로, 강우나 파랑에너지에 의해 연암층이 먼저 붕락 및 침식되고 노출된 경암층이 추가적으로 붕락이 이루어지는 유형이다.
    영문초록
    This research was carried out to classify erosion shapes and sea-cliff erosion rates were estimated through periodic field survey in Dundu-ri, Anmyeondo. Based on the results of field measurements using the datum-point, the annual sea-cliff erosion rate was estimated about 25~102cm/yr by point. The erosion rate gradually increases from spring to summer, but tends to decrease slightly in autumn. Specifically, the erosion rate between June and July indicated a rather decreasing trend, but showed a sharp increase between July and September. This was attributed to erosion that proceeds more rapidly than during other periods due to severe rainstorms in summer that had a direct impact on the study area as well as storm surges caused by hurricanes. Afterwards, the sea-cliff erosion rate gradually decreased in autumn, but reflected an increasing trend again from December to January. This was attributed to the mechanical weathering that actively progresses as bed rocks on the sea-cliff undergo repeated freezing and thawing in winter. The seacliff in Dundu-ri is divided into three types according to the erosion shape. First, Type A is observed in the sea-cliff composed of the same bed rocks and hard rock stratum. Second, Type B is found in the sea-cliff with a relatively gentler slope compared to Type A, since weathering material including soil is formed on the surface of the sea-cliff consisting of the same bed rocks and hard rock stratum. Lastly, Type C is observed in the sea-cliff where hard rock stratum is mixed with soft rock stratum. In this case, the soft rock stratum slumps and erodes first by precipitation and wave energy, followed by additional slumping of the exposed hard rock stratum.This research was carried out to classify erosion shapes and sea-cliff erosion rates were estimated through periodic field survey in Dundu-ri, Anmyeondo. Based on the results of field measurements using the datum-point, the annual sea-cliff erosion rate was estimated about 25~102cm/yr by point. The erosion rate gradually increases from spring to summer, but tends to decrease slightly in autumn. Specifically, the erosion rate between June and July indicated a rather decreasing trend, but showed a sharp increase between July and September. This was attributed to erosion that proceeds more rapidly than during other periods due to severe rainstorms in summer that had a direct impact on the study area as well as storm surges caused by hurricanes. Afterwards, the sea-cliff erosion rate gradually decreased in autumn, but reflected an increasing trend again from December to January. This was attributed to the mechanical weathering that actively progresses as bed rocks on the sea-cliff undergo repeated freezing and thawing in winter. The seacliff in Dundu-ri is divided into three types according to the erosion shape. First, Type A is observed in the sea-cliff composed of the same bed rocks and hard rock stratum. Second, Type B is found in the sea-cliff with a relatively gentler slope compared to Type A, since weathering material including soil is formed on the surface of the sea-cliff consisting of the same bed rocks and hard rock stratum. Lastly, Type C is observed in the sea-cliff where hard rock stratum is mixed with soft rock stratum. In this case, the soft rock stratum slumps and erodes first by precipitation and wave energy, followed by additional slumping of the exposed hard rock stratum.
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