포크너의 『곰』에 나타난 생태의식
분야
어문학 > 영문학
저자
박양근 ( Yang Keun Park ) , 배영주 ( Young Joo Bae )
발행기관
21세기영어영문학회
간행물정보
영어영문학21 2013년, 제26권 제3호, 33~51페이지(총19페이지)
파일형식
1j500697.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    The purpose of this study is to examine the ecological consciousness in "The Bear", one of the works by William Faulkner that shows his conspicuous interest in nature. Faulkner`s ecological consciousness began to manifest the local environment of the Southern America where he lived. In the work, the author places a higher value than a mere geological setting on the Southern region, his hometown. Moreover, he is exploring the conditions of historical and social life in the Southern region as a specific place, where agriculture was the major industry. And the natural environment of the dense forest, one of the main features of the area, which arouses ecological consciousness, has an important meaning in his work. "The Bear" reveals Faulkner`s ecological vision in three phases. Firstly, Faulkner depicts Ike as a character who shows the deepest introspection about the relationship with the nature, and as an ecological character who tries to put into action a sense of responsibility for the land and others, which he realized as he lived in the nature. Secondly, considering that Ike, who realized his grandfather`s guilt, gave up inheritance owing to his experiences of the woods and bear-hunting, Faulkner`s ecological consciousness reveals itself more effectively in the relationship between Old Ben and the forest. Therefore, the relationship suggests that relations in Mother Nature are not antagonistic but circular. Lastly, the natural world forms a system with everything interconnected, not disconnected. Thus, for Faulkner the nature is not a closed system to which nobody has access but a fully open communication space. In conclusion, "The Bear" stresses that the nature and human beings harmonize with each other in circular relation, not in confrontational relation. Above all, it can be said that the author`s true insight into the nature shown in the work is the base on which the author`s ecological consciousness can be discovered.
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