박정희 시대 과학기술 "제도 구축자": 최형섭과 오원철
분야
자연과학 > 기타(자연과학)
저자
문만용 ( Man Yong Moon ) , 강미화 ( Mi Hwa Kang )
발행기관
한국과학사학회
간행물정보
한국과학사학회지 2013년, 제35권 제1호, 225~244페이지(총20페이지)
파일형식
12900812.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    This study examines the careers of Choi Hyung Sup and O Won-chol, who led science and technology policy during the Park Chung Hee era (1961-79), and discusses their roles as institution builders. Choi, a “science bureaucrat,” established the foundation for the scientific and technological development of South Korea and implemented researcher-centered science and technology policies. Not losing his identity as a researcher, this former metallurgist reviewed his experiences in Bases for Science and Technology Promotion in Developing Countries, thereby also exhibiting his aspect as a science policy researcher. O, an “industry organizer,” established and implemented policies for the growth of the defense industry and the promotion of the heavy chemical industry, which had a considerable effect on science and technology policy. After retirement from government service, he captured the attention of academia by writing the voluminous Korean-type Economic Construction, which systemized South Korea`s industrial policy based on his experiences. The two figures` accomplishments as institution builders were based not only on their individual capabilities, but also on the historical condition of the Park era.
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