多數當事者間相殺について -「相殺」の簡易결제決濟機能を中心に-
분야
사회과학 > 법학
저자
深川裕佳 ( Fukagawa Yuka )
발행기관
한양대학교 법학연구소
간행물정보
법학논총 2013년, 제30권 제3호, 21~34페이지(총14페이지)
파일형식
1o300906.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    Is it possible to offset plural obligations among more than three persons? Although Japanese Civil Code only provides the "bilateral set-off" and the "triangle set-off", Japanese authors think that the "multilateral set-off" is possible by arrangements. But still, the structure of multilateral set-off has not been clear. Because of that, the Legislative Council of the Ministry of Justice discusses to introduce a new institution named the "triangle novation" at the Japanese Civil Code Reform. In this paper, we will argue that the multilateral set-off can be rationally explained without introducing such a new institution. With this view, we will briefly make sure that the Japanese Civil Code regulates the triangle set-off by special provisions and that the set-off can be occurred among three persons. Then, we will examine the "triangle novation" and its problems. Finally, we will discuss the structure of multilateral set-off by referring a recent French theory. In Japan, the meaning of set-off is broad. It includes not only the bilateral set-off but also the multilateral set-off. Whatever form it takes, the set-off is based on a function of balancing credits and debts. That function provides a simple settlement method among three or more persons in the same way as between two persons.
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