Uridinediphospho-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyl transferase (MurA, E.C. 18.104.22.168) is an essential bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the cell wall biosynthetic pathway, which involves the transfer of an enolpyruvyl group from phosphoenolpyruvate to uridinediphospho-Nacetylglucosamine. In this study, novel inhibitors of Haemophilus influenzae MurA (Hi MurA) were identified using high-throughput screening of a chemical library from the Korea Chemical Bank. The identified compounds contain a quinoline moiety and have much lower effective inhibitory concentrations (IC50) than fosfomycin, a wellknown inhibitor of MurA. These inhibitors appear to covalently modify the sulfhydryl group of the active site cysteine (C117), since the C117D mutant Hi MurA was not inhibited by these compounds and excess dithiothreitol abolished their inhibitory activities. The increased mass value of Hi MurA after treatment with the identified inhibitor further confirmed that the active-site cysteine residue of Hi MurA is covalently modified by the inhibitor.