Syntrophic Propionate Degradation Response to Temperature Decrease and Microbial Community Shift in an UASB Reactor
자연과학 > 생물
( Qiao Ying Ban ) , ( Jian Zheng Li ) , ( Li Guo Zhang ) , ( Ajay Kumar Jha ) , ( Yu Peng Zhang ) , ( Bin Ling Ai )
한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회)
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2013년, 제23권 제3호, 382~389페이지(총8페이지)
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    Propionate is an important intermediate product during the methane fermentation of organic matter, and its degradation is crucial for maintaining the performance of an anaerobic digester. In order to understand the effect of temperature on propionate degradation, an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor with synthetic wastewater containing propionate as a sole carbon source was introduced. Under the hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 10 h and influent propionate of 2,000 mg/l condition, propionate removal was above 94% at 30-35ºC, whereas propionate conversion was inhibited when temperature was suddenly decreased stepwise from 30ºC to 25ºC, to 20ºC, and then to 18ºC. After a long-term operation, the propionate removal at 25ºC resumed to the value at 30- 35ºC, whereas that at 20ºC and 18ºC was still lower than the value at 35ºC by 8.1% and 20.7%, respectively. Microbial community composition analysis showed that Syntrophobacter and Pelotomaculum were the major propionate-oxidizing bacteria (POB), and most POB had not changed with temperature decrease in the UASB. However, two POB were enriched at 18ºC, indicating they were low temperature tolerant. Methanosaeta and Methanospirillum were the dominant methanogens in this UASB and remained constant during temperature decrease. Although the POB and methanogenic composition hardly changed with temperature decrease, the specific CODPro removal rate of anaerobic sludge (SCRR) was reduced by 21.4%-46.4% compared with the control (35ºC) in this system.
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