주주간 계약의 실태와 법리 -투자촉진 수단으로서의 기능에 주목하여-
분야
사회과학 > 법학
저자
천경훈 ( Kyung Hoon Chun )
발행기관
한국상사판례학회
간행물정보
상사판례연구 2013년, 제26권 제3호, 3~44페이지(총42페이지)
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51801424.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    Under the traditional approach, Korean courts and legal commentators are very reluctant to acknowledge the enforceability of the shareholders` agreement. According to the prevailing view, shareholders` resolutions and board resolutions made in breach of the shareholders agreement are still valid, and one cannot pursue specific performance of the shareholders` agreement. Monetary damages including liquidated damages would be the only practical remedy available for the breach of the shareholders` agreement. This article criticizes such a view for lack of understanding of the positive functions of the shareholders` agreement. Shareholders enter into agreement because the default rules of the corporate law are insufficient to harmonize their conflicting interests and satisfy various preferences. By means of the shareholders` agreement, they create new rules more compatible to their demands than the default rules provided by the corporate law. As a result, the shareholders` agreement facilitates the investment that would not have been possible absent such an agreement. This article categorizes the shareholders` agreements found in Korea into three types, and explores the parties` incentives in each type. This article also discusses various issues typically addressed in the shareholders` agreement, introduces examples of the key provisions, and analyzes the ways to secure its enforceability. Recent trial court cases on the shareholders` agreement are also analyzed in detail. This article criticizes the reluctant approach of the court and proposes that the enforceability of the shareholders` agreement be more positively acknowledged. For example, a preliminary injunction to order exercise of the voting rights in accordance with the shareholders` agreement should be granted if such a duty exists under the agreement.
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