본 연구에서는 유아의 식행동 검사 도구 및 이에 영향을 미치는 부모와의 상호관계를 고려한 진단도구를 개발하고 그 신뢰도와 타당도를 입증하였다. 본 연구에서 개발 된 검사 도구가 향후 어머니와 영유아의 건전한 관계 형성을 위한, 부모의 식사지도 방법에 대한 맞춤형 가이드라인을 제공하는데 필요한 기초 자료, 영양서비스 확대를 위한 식행동 진단도구 등 다양한 방면으로 활용 될 수 있기를 기대한다.
Objectives: This study was conducted to develop and validate Eating Behaviors Test form (EBT) for infants and young children, including eating behaviors of their parents and parental feeding practices. Methods: Draft version of EBT form was developed after a pretest on 83 mothers. It was consisted of 42 questions including 3 components; eating behavior of children, eating behavior of parents, and parental feeding practices. Using these questionnaires, the first survey was conducted on 320 infants and children, 1 to 6 year old, for exploratory factor analysis, and the second survey was collected on 731 infants and children for confirmatory factor analysis. Results: Exploratory factor analysis on 42 questions of EBT form resulted in 3 factor model for children’s eating behavior, 3 factor model for parents’ eating behavior, and 1 factor model for parental feeding practices. Three factors for children’s eating behavior could be explained as follows; factor 1, pickiness (reliability α=0.89; explanation of variance=27.79), factor 2, over activity (α=0.80, explanation of variance=16.51), and factor 3, irregularity (α=0.59, explanation of variance=10.01). Three factors for mother’s eating behavior could be explained as follows; factor 1, irregularities (α=0.73, explanation of variance=21.73), factor 2, pickiness (α=0.65, explanation of variance= 20.16), and factor 3, permissiveness (α=0.60, explanation of variance=19.13). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed an acceptance fit for these models. Internal consistencies for these factors were above 0.6. Conclusions: Our results indicated that EBT form is a valid tool to measure comprehensive eating and feeding behaviors for infants and young children. Korean J Community Nutr 20(1): 1~10, 2015