연구논문 : 사회,문화,기타 영역 ; 치과 진료 경험 유무에 따른 구강건강관리에 대한 조사 연구: 수도권 지역을 중심으로
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국문초록
본 연구는 치과 진료 경험 유무에 따른 구강건강관리에 대한 조사로 치과진료 경험이 있는 대상자와 없는 대상자의 각각의 특성을 분석. 비교하여 대상자별로 구강건강관리에 관련 있는 요인을 파악하기 위하여 치과진료 경험이 없는 대상자 300명, 치과진료 경험이 있는 대상자 300명으로 전체 600명을 대상으로 자기기입식 설문조사를 하였으며 SPSS 15.0을 이용하여 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1) 대졸자는 치과진료 유경험자에서 많았으며 거주지에서는 시지역에 거주하는 자가 가장 많았으며 그 중에 치과진료 유경험자가 180명(60%), 치과진료 무경험자가 156명(52%)이었다. 직업에서는 치과진료 무경험자에는 학생, 유경험자에는 전문직이 가장 많았다. 2) 구강관련 교육 경험 유무에서는 ``예``로 응답한 자가 유경험자에서 159명(53%), 무경험자에서 117명 (39%)로 유경험자에서 교육을 받은 경험이 더 많았다. 3) 칫솔질 횟수는 치과진료 유경험자와 무경험자 모두에서 일일 3회가 가장 많았으며 1회에서는 유경험 자에 비해 무경험자가 많았고 3회와 4회 이상에서는 반대로 무경험자에 비해 유경험자가 많은 것으로 나타났으며 통계적으로 유의하였다. 4) 치과진료 유경험자중 구강관련 교육경험이 있다고 응답한 자에서 일일 4회 이상 칫솔질하는 자는 27명(17%)이었고 교육경험이 없다고 응답한 자에서는 6명(4.3%)이었다. 치과진료 무경험자에서 구강 관련 교육경험이 있다고 응답한 자에서 일일 4회 이상 칫솔질 하는 자는 20명(17.1%), 구강관련 교육경험이 없다고 응답한 자에서는 10명(5.4%)이었다. 치과진료 유경험자와 무경험자 모두에서 구강 관련 교육경험이 있다고 응답한자에서 일일 4회 칫솔질 하는 자가 많았다. 5) 치과진료 경험 유무에 따른 인식도는 유경험자에서 4.14, 무경험자에서 3.96점으로 치과진료 유경험 자에서 인식도가 높았고 지식도에서도 유경험자에서 1.86, 무경험자에서 1.75점으로 치과진료 유경험 자에서 인식도가 높았으며 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다. 다음과 같이 제언하고자 한다. 첫째, 대상자의 일반적 특성(교육수준, 수입, 거주지)에 상관없이 구강건강관리에 기본이 되는 칫솔질에 대한 실천 제고를 위해 노력해야 할 것이다. 둘째, 치과진료 무경험자가 접근할 수 있는 구강건강관리 프로그램 개발이 필요하다. 셋째, 현재 대부분의 치과위생사의 근무지가 치과의원으로 집중 되어있는데 보다 많은 연구를 통해 치과 위생사의 역할 확대를 통하여 다양한 분야에서의 치과위생사의 자리 매김이 필요하며, 치과위생사의 역할 확대는 더 나아가 국민의 구강건강 증진에 대한 기여도가 클 것으로 사료된다.
영문초록
As a survey on oral health care according to the appearance of experiencing dental treatment, the purpose of this study was to grasp factors relevant to oral health care by subject through analyzing and comparing characteristics in each between the subjects with experience of dental treatment and the subjects without experience. It carried out self-reported questionnaire survey targeting totally 600 people such as 300 subjects without experience of dental treatment and 300 subjects with experience of dental treatment. As a result of analyzing by using SPSS 15.0, the following conclusions were obtained. 1) University graduates were large in people with experience of dental treatment. As for residence, there were large people who dwell in city region. Among them, subjects with experience of dental treatment were 180 people(60%). Subjects without experience of dental treatment were 156 people( 52%). As for job, it was the largest in students as for people without experience of dental treatment, and in professional job as for people with experience. 2) In the appearance of experiencing the oral-related education, the subjects, who responded as saying of ``Yes,`` were 159 people(53%) as for subjects with experience, and 117 people(39%) as for subjects without experience. Thus, the experience of having ever been educated was larger in people with experience. 3) As for toothbrushing frequency, three times a day was the largest both in people with experience of dental treatment and people without experience. One time was larger in people without experience than people with experience. In 3 times and over 4 times, people with experience were indicated to be larger than people without experience, on the contrary. It was statistically significant. 4) In the response as saying of having experience of the oral-related education regarding people with experience of dental treatment, the subjects, who toothbrush over 4 times a day, were 27 people(17%), and were 6 people(4.3%) in respondents as saying of having no experience of education. In the respondents as saying of having experience of the oral-related education regarding people without experience of dental treatment, the subjects, who toothbrush over 4 times a day, were 20 people( 17.1%) and 10 people(5.4%) for the respondents as saying of having no experience of the oral-related education. As for all of subjects with experience of dental treatment and of subjects without experience, people of toothbrushing 4 times a day were large in the respondents as saying of having experience of the oral-related education. 5) The awareness level according to the appearance of experiencing dental treatment was 4.14 points in people with experience and 3.96 points in people without experience. Thus, the awareness level was high in subjects with experience of dental treatment. The knowledge level was 1.86 point in people with experience and 1.75 in people without experience. Thus, the awareness level was high in people with experience of dental treatment. Statistically significant difference was shown. It aims to suggest as follows. First, regardless of subjects`` general characteristics(educational level, income, residence), there will be necessity for striving to reinforce practice on toothbrushing, which becomes the basis in oral health care. Second, oral health care program needs to be developed that can be approached by people without experience of dental treatment. Third, the working places of most of dental hygienists are now concentrated on dental clinic. Still, there is necessity for dental hygienists`` positioning in diverse fields, through expanding dental hygienists`` role through more researches. Furthermore, it is considered to be likely to greatly contribute to promotion in people``s oral health.
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