|This is about the trend of the intellectuals and the social position in the village of Gimhae Kims(金海金氏) in Naju, Jeollado in the Early Joseon Period. Naju, Jeollado was a big town which represented Honam province, and produced talented men every era. The intellectuals in Naju are divided into two parts. One is Hojang(戶長), chief petty officials who were the native force, and the other is Sajok(士族), scholars of Sung Confucianism who newly rose in the early Joseon. Naju Nas, Naju Jungs, Pannam Parks, Naju Jins, and so on have been identified as the family of public officials in Naju by a extant copy of Geumsungilgy(錦城日記). Meanwhile, Gwangsan Kims, Naju Nas, Geumsung Os, Geumsung Jungs, and so on have been considered as native family in the successive copies of geography published in Joseon Period. In addition, there was ‘Gaeckban(客班)’ that moved from other provinces to Naju. In the early Joseon, Sijunggongpa(侍中公派) of Gimhae Kims moved into Naju. The progenitor of Gimhae Kims who entered Naju for the first time was Kim Tak(金琢), a royal subject. When Joseon opened, he came to Silanggol(시랑골), Naju and lived in a secluded place. After that, it was from Kim Sooyoon(1415~1455), Sijunggong’s grandson that the descendents of Gimhae Kims went into politics as officials of Joseon again. When, however, Kim Sooyoon(金壽延) was in government service in Seoul, Kyeyoujungnan(癸酉靖亂) happened. He held hunger strike in protest against Danjong’s abdication of the Throne; meanwhile, he was dead. After that, purges of Confucian scholars occurred in succession with the political situation of Joseon, and on each occasion, the descendents of Gimhae Kims resigned from office, returned to their hometown, and lived in the village. Limjinlan(壬辰) to Jungyoulan(丁酉亂) led Gimhae Kims to establish their position as Sajok family in the society of the country. Kim Hyoyang(金孝良), Kim Sooyoon’s grandson, participated in the righteous army after Kim Cheonil(金千鎰) entered the family as son-in-law. Therefore, producing those devoted to their lord caused Gimhae Kims to suddenly leap into prominence. Through Gimhae Kims’ case study in Naju in the later Goryeo and the early Joseon, what made native force and immigrant one interact and grow up has been reviewed.