An Analysis on Characteristics of Ancient Indonesian Textiles (I) - Focus on Period, Religion, Region, and Color of the ‘Sacred Cloths’ -
자연과학 > 가정
( Langi Kezia Clarissa ) , ( Park Shinmi )
복식 2016년, 제66권 제6호, 67~78쪽(총12쪽)
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    Research on ancient Indonesian ‘sacred cloths’ is essential since it shows a different perspective into Indonesian identity. Based on its function, the ‘sacred cloths’ are either made as a medium for religious ceremonies or as a medium for the living and the dead. The consuetude of preparing and creating the ‘sacred cloths’ are done to achieve the finest ‘sacred cloths’ worthy to be presented to God. The research aims to analyze the characteristics of ancient Indonesian textiles and to focus on the ``sacred cloths.`` The research is divided into two parts, and this paper is the first part. The paper analyzes the characteristics of ancient Indonesian textiles by focusing on the period, religion, region, and color of the ‘sacred cloths.’ The subsequent research analyzes the characteristics of ancient Indonesian textiles by focusing on the techniques and the patterns of the ‘sacred cloths.’ In this first part of the main research, the analysis reveals that animism developed in various ways in Indonesia from 500 BC to AD 1800. It was also as kingdoms of Buddhist, Hinduism, and Islam. The changes of religion may differ according to its region. Indonesian regions are divided into six big regions that produce textiles. These islands are Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Celebes, Nusa Tenggara, and Bali. By space and time, the colors of Indonesian textiles represent the ideology of one religion. Indonesia produces primary colors of red, yellow, and blue(RYB). The colors are produced by extracting leaves of Indigo, Indian Mulberry root shell, Sappanwood’s branches, Candlenut fruit, Turmeric root, and Mangosteen rind. Indonesia is a religious country, therefore the meaning of creating each ‘sacred cloth’ shows piety of the maker and the wearer.
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