The Role of the EU Development Assistance to Address Deforestation Issue in Indonesia
사회과학 > 경제학
( Paramitaningrum )
Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 2017년, 제15권 제1호, 45~62페이지(총18페이지)
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    Deforestation is considered as one of the serious environmental problem in Indonesia. Annual forest fires already became chronic disease. Natural factors and man-made factors have been alleged to trigger the long-term cause of deforestation. Forest fires and illegal logging created big loss for Indonesia because the Forestry sector gave a quite significant contribution to Indonesian economy. It also affected the global biodiversity since Indonesian forest area is one of the largest world biodiversity sources. Unfortunately, Indonesian government`s capability is still limited to handle the forest fires issue due to the lack of funding, technical and political support. The neighbouring countries in Southeast Asian region have been socially and economically affected by the forest fires, while the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) worked less effectively than expected. Due to the scale of forest fires and its significant impact to the regional and global biodiversity, international support is essentially in need. Besides Japan and Australia, European Union (EU) has been the major aid contributor to resolve Indonesian deforestation issue. EU supports the Indonesian government in its fight against illegal logging in accordance with the European Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Policy (FLEGT) or Timber Pact (Schmitz, 2016). The Timber Pact is one kind arrangement to minimize the impact of deforestation. Therefore, international supports are not only for emergency condition aid but also for improving Indonesian government capacity to manage the issue.
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