국방예산에 영향을 미치는 요인분석
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사회과학 > 정치/외교학
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김민호
발행기관
한국국방연구원
간행물정보
국방정책연구 2017년, 제117권 101~139페이지(총39페이지)
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2p801773.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    It is believed that there are many factors affecting a national budget policy for a given country. However, when it comes to a national defense policy, the three main topics, including military, political, economic factors, mostly reflect the situational con-text of the given time period in that country. Unless there is a rapid economic de-velopment, there is very little increase in the national budget. In the process of allo-cating the budget, there will always be a political game involved because of the lim-ited resources in the budget. In the process of deciding the actual expenditure, vari-ous participants are fighting against each other to maximize their share. In other words, this is called ‘trade-off politics’ which resembles so-called ‘zero-sum game.’ In this study, under the given assumptions stated above, the theory of ‘Gun and Butter’ and ‘Punctuated Equilibrium Theory’ are applied to analyze the factors affecting the compilation of the budget from 1981 to 2016. The results experimentally prove that the national defense budget is indeed affected by the economic shock, but there is no ‘trade-off’ between the national defense budget and other components of the na-tional budget. Under the current circumstances where rapid economic growth in the Republic of Korea is unlikely, it is the prime time for us to consider how to in-crease the national defense budget in consideration of worsening security situations on the Korean peninsula.
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