IK can downregulate interferon-gamma-induced major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression through the MHC class II transactivator, which suggests that IK can inhibit the interactions between immune cells. We delivered adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2) encoding the genes for truncated IK (tIK) or green fluorescent protein (GFP) to DBA1/J mice via intravenous injection. Seven weeks after injection, collagen-induced arthritis was induced in the AAV2-treated mice. AAV2-tIK injection reduced the severity of arthritis and the percentage of pathogenic Th17 cells compared with AAV2-GFP injection. These results suggest a novel gene therapy strategy for treatment of inflammatory arthritis.