Hun Empire was the powerful tribe in the northen China for more than 700 years from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD. Since the advent of Han Dynasty, Han Go Jo Hwachin policies with Hun Empire, and it tells the circumstances at that time when it was difficult to take forceful actions due to Hun Empire’s military forces. The friendly relations between Han Dynasty and Hun Empire of the northen China can be found not only in the clue from the history but from Wadang of Han Dynasty.
Among 1,000 pieces of Character Wadangs appeared during the Han Dynasty, there was the Character Wadang relating to the Hun Empire of the Northern China excavated. As the text word shows, the contents of the text fully tell the political relationship between the Hun Empire and Han Dynasty. In particular, Character Wadang ‘Seonwoohwachin’ provides substantial materials for the important clue to understand the friendly relations with the Hun Empire for 60-70 years after Han Go Jo.
According to historical records, the text words on the Character Wadang of Han Dynasty were likely produced in the period of Han Mun Je, as the early Han Dynasty took friendly relations. However, the issue is that these Wadangs were not produced in the period of Han Mun Je. This paper studied that 7 Character Wadangs related to ‘Seonwoo’ among 17 Wadangs unearthed in Podu city and discovered that they were produced in the late of Han Dynasty, not the early Dynasty. They show the originality of Wadang from Hun Empire as their patterns are horn-shaped, which did not exist in the early Han Dynasty.