|This study on welfare system for the rural elderly was conducted by using various different methods, such as face-to-face interviews with 249 elderly aged 60 or older living in rural area, site visits of facilities or institutions related to welfare for the aged, and informal meetings with working-level personnel. The study examines the current conditions and problems of the rural elderly and aging welfare environments in r he area, and attempts to suggest a model of welfare system for the rural elderly. Along with modernization and urbanization, the younger generation tends to move to urban areas for new jobs and a better life, which results in the rapid grow h of older population in rural areas. But the welfare centers and service programs are more likely to be in w ban rather than rural areas. In this study, more than half of the rural elderly(57.1%) live alone or live with spouse only. Enlarged older population, nuclearization of family, increased married women`s participation in labor markets, and weakened younger generation`s attitudes toward parental care, all together, make it difficult that the elderly will be taken care of by their children, especially in case of the term care. The rural elderly in this study show strong health related needs. In fact, they frequently use the regional health center and think that the special hospital for the elderly, which is not, available in this area, is the first priority for coral elderly. Also, the need for the development of useful social activity programs is brought up in the meetings with working-level personnel. To efficient utilization of regional resources in rural areas, it is necessary to organize the regular conference of working-level officials concerning aging welfare, which may coordinate and connect each other. The functions and roles cf aging welfare system, administration, and programs are discussed.