|Changes in the proline accumulation of ten-day-old seedlings of Vigna angularis in response to NaCl treatment were monitored. The proline content increased gradually both with an increase in the exposure time to salt stress and in a concentration-dependent manner. The increased proline accumulation was stronger in the shoots than in the roots. The salt stress by itself resulted in a significant inhibition of the chlorophyll content. Pre-treatment with proline before salinization lasting 48 h did not significantly affect the endogenous proline level in the roots, in contrast, a considerable increase of proline was observed in the shoots. The application of exogenous proline to the seedlings increased the endogenous proline content and improved the root and shoot growth under saline conditions. Detached leaves also exhibited an increased proline level in response to the applied NaCl, however, at a lower magnitude than in the intact seedlings. The proline alleviated the inhibitory effect of the NaCl in a concentration- dependent manner, thereby suggesting that salinity is a strong inducer of proline accumulation. In addition, abscisic acid eliminated the inhibitory effect of the salt salinity, thereby indicating a protective role on salinity stress and a regulatory role in proline synthesis. Accordingly, it would appear that proline may be involved in salt tolerance.