|The focus of this dissertation is on the comparative Analysis of Questions in the ``Matter Units of Elementary Science Textbook between the 7th Curriculum and the Revised Curriculum Year 2007. The results of the comparative Analysis in the dissertation are as follows: There were more closed questions than open questions in these elementary science textbooks both of the 7th Curriculum and the Revised Curriculum Year 2007. Cognitive-memory questions were the most frequently asked in all grade levels. In the Revised Curriculum Year 2007, Convergent thinking questions presented with higher rate than the 7th Curriculum, Divergent thinking questions and evaluative thinking questions was presented with a relatively lower rate than the 7th Curriculum. Question types were applied based on the characteristics of each unit rather than on children`s developmental characteristics.