|The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors or considerations that the parents in Gangnam, Seoul use in selecting or composing their children`s private music education programs and the characteristics observed in supporting their children`s music education. For this, participation-observation method and the interview method were adopted, and in-depth interviews were used as a main method. The results of this study can be summarized as followings: First, there are several different types of private music education in the Gangnam area in terms of objectives, expectations, or attitudes of the parents towards the education: (1) The "basic education" type (2) The "academic achievement" type (3) The "college entrance examination" type and (4) the "life-long education" type. Second, parents participate in various activities to support the education, such as setting up environments for education, managing schedule and time, and collecting information regarding university entrance examinations, in order to provide support to their children in undertaking private education programs. Third, there is a competitive strategy, so called not be turned over strategy and precede strategy to parents who focus on the university entrance examination. The former is based on a feeling of uneasiness to be turned over. The latter takes part of making new type of private education programs and includes precede learning strategy, early education strategy and specialization strategy. Fourth, in Gangnam area, the parents` community plays an important role in decision making process when it comes to private education. The parents` community in this area tends to be a closed one where high-value information is shared only amongst them and plays a significant role in deciding the types of music education and the management of that education. The limited nature of the information on music education is one of the causes for such tendencies.