|The purpose of this study is to verify what is affecting factors on Resident-Centered Care in Long-term care facilities. The Resident-Centered Care means to stress the uniqueness and worth of each elderly residents and focus perspective of care to the elderly residents not staffs and facilities, In this study, Resident-centered care is regarded as a organizational innovation for survival of organization, we investigated how Resident-centered care can be occured through the path based on Contingency theory, For this study, data of study for Resident centered long-term care facility: Perspective of Culture Change and Korean implications (2010) is used, The unit of analysis of this study is an organization and 243 out of 360 organizations responded and 223 cases were finally analyzed, The main results of this study are the following, The market-technological turbulence among Environment Dynamics and reward system, interdepartmental dynamics among organization characteristics directly had a statistically significant positive influence on Resident-Centered Care. Although there are no significant influences on Resident-Centered Care by social environment turbulence and competitive intensity, reward system were influenced negatively by social environment and centralization was influenced positively by competitive intensity. On the contrary to this, interdepartmental dynamics was influenced negatively by competitive intensity. Also Top management`s emphasis and risk aversion, reward system, interdepartmental dynamics were influenced positively by market-technological turbulence. Finally based on the results of this study, we suggest specific intervention for Resident-Centered Care in Long-term care facilities.