|The purpose of this study was to identify the types of health promotion behavior practice (HPBP) of retirement community residents in Korea and investigate the factors relative to their HPBP. The sample of this study consisted of 170 older adults in a retirement community located in the city of Seoul. Data was collected by a structured questionnaire that included demographic information, the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile (HPLP), Self-Efficacy, the Perceived Benefit, the Perceived Barrier, Depression, and Subjective Health Status. For the analysis of data, Descriptive statistics, cluster analysis, Chi-square test, t-test, and Stepwise Multiple Regression were used for the statistical with the SPSS and the SAS program, The results were as following: 1) The mean score of the HPLP was 3.05(SD=.54). 2) HPBP was classified into two types based on the results of cluster analysis. Type I was named "passive HPBP group" (2.75±.29) and type II "active HPBP group"(3.29±.25). 3) Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that only perceived benefit (B=.50, R2=25) was a significant factor predicting participants` HPBP of the passive HPBP group, while perceived self-efficacy (B=.38, R2=30) and perceived barrier (B=-.20, R2=30), were for the active HPBP group. The limitation, implication of this study and future tasks for the older adults were discussed.