|The purpose of this study is to find out the degree of powerlessness factors among elderly and by examining the variables (perceived health status, ability of daily living activity, self-esteem, depression, family support, loneliness) which affect such factors. By searching for methods to improve the quality of life for the elderly, efficient nursing procedures can be developed, thereby leading to successful aging. For the study, we purposively collected 300 elderly above the age of 65, residing in the areas of Seoul, Inchon, and Daejeon. 266 samples, survived the data screening, were analyzed by reliability analysis, Spearman correlation, and a multiple regression. As the results, first, the correlated factors of the elderly`s powerlessness included depression(r=.597, p<.01), loneliness (r=.423, p<.01), ability of daily living activity(r=.374, p<.01), perceived health status(r=-.304, p<.01), family support(r=-.384, p<.01), and self-esteem(r=-.420, p<.01). Second, factors influencing of powerlessness of them were to show in order of depression (β=.373), loneliness (β=.265), spouse (β =.099), family support (β=.090), monthly allowances (β=.013), these variables accounted for 45.7% of the variance of the elderly`s powerlessness. Depression showed to be the most important of the powerlessness factors for the elderly. These findings suggest that nursing researchers need to consider important factors affecting the elderly`s powerlessness and nursing interventions focusing on the issues need to be developed.