|This paper is written to examine how the meanings of the ``moon`` including the various symbolism are handled in our ancient and modern literatures, For this, this paper explores the meaning of ``moon``, seen in the ancient and modern works from the comparative viewpoints with the ``Traditional`` songs, the Hyangga of the Silla and the ``modern`` poetry, poems of Manhae Han Yong-un. In the case of Hyangga, it treats and , only works of monks such as Manhae with the analysis object. The approach method to works is on the basis of the ``analytic-psychological`` view of Carl Gustav Jung. In conclusion, the ``moon`` in the poem of Manhae includes the image as mediator, ``Anima`` of and the image as chilly, righteous and admirative object, . The moon in Manhae`s poem is also expressed as the more various and concrete thing; it is the familiar and humane being which peeps ``me`` and responds to me and it is the lover which requires me. Moreover, in comparison to Hyangga, the relation of the moon and the speaker is near, but never to meet without the active effort of the speaker, The ambivalence of the warm and cold ``moon`` is also expressed concretely through the metaphorical subject like as ``white jade`` in the poem of Manhae. While the ``moon`` becomes the ``full moon``, the ``dark moon`` and the ``half moon``, it always remains as it is in spite of the protean characters. Without distinction of the ancient and the modern, the various meanings of the moon in works are the reflection of his mind on the speaker`s situation and attitude.