|Purpose: The purpose of this study was descriptive correlational survey to identify stress, health promotion behavior and correlation between stress and health promotion behavior of soldiers in a specific environment. Methods: The data were collected from 465 soldiers who work in 2 military units of GOP(General Outpost), GP(Guard Post) from August 8th to September 15th in 2011. The data was composed of instrument of Soldier Stress and HPLP-II, and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Turkey HSD and Pearson`s correlation coefficient. Results: The mean of Soldier Stress was 2.10. Although it was lower than average, 12.3% soldiers still had stress higher than average. The Soldier Stress according to characteristic was a significant difference depending on the level of income. The health promotion behavior also had a significant difference on education level. In particular, the Soldier Stress showed a significant difference in role-relationship stress and environment. The correlation among Soldier Stress and Health Promotion Behavior showed a negative correlation except external stress. Conclusion: From the results, it was concluded that soldiers who have a high stress score were necessary to manage their stress. Also soldiers need to take care of health promotion behavior. If soldiers in the specific environment would manage their health promotion behavior more effectively, it has the effect of not only improving their mental health but also quality of life positively. Above all, it will be helpful for soldiers in specific environment to promote their health and fighting strength. Therefore, it is necessary to have the intervention reflected soldiers characters in specific environment and it needs to improve their health promotion behavior for stress management.