|This paper presents a system called a Cash-flow based Construction Scheduling Optimization (CfSO). The existing CPM is biased on schedule and cost management. For a profitable and successful project management, the cash-flow which occurred actually by contractual conditions should be considered in the project scheduling. Therefore, this study provides a method to estimate the amount of a cash-flow occurred periodically by integrating the terms of contract into scheduling. The proposed methodology is implemented as a system prototype in Microsoft Excel. CfSO helps a site manager as a decision-maker to establish a optimized project scheduling and decide profitable contractual conditions against a construction owner.