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분야 : 인문과학 > 동양사
발행기관 : 동국역사문화연구소(구 동국사학회)
간행물정보 : 동국사학, 2016 pp.~32 (총 33pages)
 
 
국문초록
사도행전의 저술 시기에 대해서는 크게 세 가지 의견이 있다. 60년대 설, 90년대 설, 2세기 중반 설이 그것이다. 60년대 설은 전통 교회와 소수의 학자들이 지지하는 설이고, 90년대 설은 현대 신학 연구를 주도하고 있는 다수 학자들의 의견이다. 2세기 중후반 설은 일찍이 튀빙엔 학파의 창시자인 바우어가 제시하였고, 당시로서는 큰 반향을 일으켰지만 현재 지지자는 드물다. 이 논문은 사도행전의 저술 시기를 암시해주는 세 가지 사항을 중심으로 사도행전의 저술 시기를 고찰해보았다.
 
 
영문초록
This paper attempts to examine the date of Acts by presenting three reasons, pointing out that the book would be written in the early second century C.E. First, the word “Christian” (christianos) occurs but three times in the New Testament. It only occurs once in 1 Peter besides in Acts. It was not widely used until the end of the first century or the beginning of second century. That is, until then Christians did not generally call themselves as “Christian.” Accordingly, the fact that it occurs twice in Acts implies that the book was written around the end of the first century or later. Second, according to Acts, a silversmith, who made silver shrines of Artemis, shouted that Paul “led astray large numbers of people in Ephesus and in practically the whole province of Asia and there was danger that their trade would lose its good name.” This incident could not have taken place during Paul’s lifetime, because the followers of Paul in Ephesus were estimated no more than 200 people. What the silversmith said reveals the situation of the early second century. So it is reasonable to date the composition of the Acts to the early second century. Third, there has been a general consensus that Luke and Acts were written by the same person and that Stephen at the moment of his martyrdom repeated the words that Jesus had spoken from the cross. But Jesus’ words “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing” are not found in the autograph of the Gospel of Luke. This means that the author of Acts read the corrupted text of the Gospel of Luke. and hence the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts could not have been written by the same author. Therefore it seems natural to conclude that the Acts of Apostles would be written in the early half of the second century.
 
 
연대, 사도행전, 에페소, 바오로, 루카, 필사본, Date, Acts of Apostles, Ephesus, Paul, Luke, Manuscript
 
다운로드 36300709.pdf