[습득론] The Effectiveness of Negative Feedback and Its Different Methods on L2 Learners(영문)에 대한 자료입니다.
5. Conclusions & Implications
negative feedback effectively affects L2 learners, especially when instructed on a specific aspect of L2 (Izumi, 1998)
no evident difference between performance with and without feedback (Ihde, 1993)
Results are not always consistent!
Does negative feedback have an impact on acquiring L2 skills?
Between the use of echo questions and the use of recasts, which is a more effective method?
Negative feedback does have a positive impact on L2 learning.
18 Korea University students with varying levels of English skills and of different majors
Age: 20~23 years old
L1: Korean, L2: English
studied English only in Korea
usually started learning English in elementary school
on average, learned L2 for 10 to 15 years
asked to self-evaluate their English skills on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest)
Purpose of the test: correct usage of the definite article, the
13 questions in total
7 questions concerned the use of articles
these 7 included filler items (to which the answers were either a or no article) and the was the correct answer to 4 of them
some participants were aware of the purpose (correct use of definite article) of the given tests which led them to focus on those aspects possible inaccuracy
relatively small pool of participants and short period of time to conduct research which lacked in professionalism and perfection