[국제경영]기업 윤리 사회적 책임(영문)에 대한 자료입니다.
Definition of the enterprise ethics and social responsibility
Definite analysis to the enterprise ethics and social responsibility
To grasp the meaning of enterprise ethics, we need to clarify the relationship of the corporate culture, business ethics and corporate law with the enterprise ethics. Enterprise culture is a code of conduct which enterprise members should observe together, and also it is a value orientation of the enterprise which is shared by the enterprise members. The enterprise culture is the main point of the enterprise value, which reflects the company's basic concepts and beliefs. Enterprise ethics reflects the business’s value judgments "goodness and evil". Therefore, enterprise ethics is the core of enterprise culture.
Enterprise rules embodied the requirements of a society to the enterprises and the volition of the enterprise manager, and it will have the enforceability and the externality; but the enterprise ethics relies on the internal beliefs to do the effect, it has the consciousness and internality. Enterprise ethics and enterprise rules unitize together between them two and supple with together, also doing effects together. There is a view that the ethics requires low, but the rule requires highly. This means that society is required to the standards which are accepted to the minimum moral, the activities which are lower than the minimum moral standards should be reprimanded to morality; while people are enforcing the law, it depends on if they have gone against the law or not as a criterion, not depends on the degree of the violation, as long as we violate, we should be looked into the legal responsibility.
Although social responsibility has been discussed for many times at many international meetings, but its formal definition is still without any agreements. For two typical examples, the EU defined CSR as: the enterprise is based on the resources which integrate the society and environment closely to their business operations, as well as to the interaction of the stakeholders. U.S. authority "The organization of helping companies to implement CSR strategies of organizations" (Business for Social Responsibility) defined CSR as: through the observance of ethical values and human, community and respect the natural environment, and achieve the commercial success.
Currently, what generally acknowledged the corporate social responsibility concept is: when enterprise is creating profits and be in charge of the benefits of the shareholders, it also bears the responsibility on the staff, on the social and environmental, including complying with the business ethics, safety, occupational health, also it needs to protect the workers’ legitimate rights and interests, saving resources, and to get in the economic, social, environmental and other areas of sustainable development.
The two concepts, enterprise ethics and the social responsibility of business maybe are similar. However, social responsibility is more wide concept, not only including the moral behaviors of business but also all the other contributions made to