scores for “hygiene and safety” and “tour expense,” whereas both had low scores in “the importance of facility &system.” Lastly, there was no difference in “enjoyment” in the two groups; however, the active group gave a higher sc
motivational counseling program may be effective in improving smoking cessation of middle school students. It is recommended that the motivational counseling program will be used as useful psychiatric nursing intervention for smoking prevention, smo
for each grade, fifth and sixth grade students showed a significantly higherscore in the test than other graders. Fourth grade students showed significantly higherscore in every sections in the test, except for the section of creative personality.
for country of origin and gender for all subscales on the School Attitude Assessment Survey-Revised (McCoach & Siegle, 2004). Of the 507 participants (278 Korean and 229 American), girls scored higher on the motivation/self-regulation scale than boy