bullies as friends and also victims tend to have victims as friends. However, the concrete bullying dynamics are quite different across gender. Bullying dynamics among boys reveals strong hierarchical system where bullying is a cause and result of s
bullied others in the last 2 waves although they did not bully or bullied just once in the first 3 waves); and Persistent bullying group (i.e., children who bullied others across all or in 4 waves). Children in the Persistent bullying group were mor
a type of bullying that occurs in connection with education
either inside or outside of school.
Target : Strange or different, and weak students
One student or a group can bully another student or a group of students.
Any unwanted physical contact between the bully and the victim.
Damage to a victim’s psyche and/or
‘왕 따’ 정의
* Heinemann (1973)
- Mobbing 용어 사용
- ‘mob’은 괴롭힘에 연관된 다수 익명 집단을 의미
-> mobbing 이란, 집단이 개인의
일반적인 활동을 방해하거나 공격하는 것을 의미
* Olweus (1978)
- Bullying 용어 사용
- 반복적, 지속적인 부정적 행동 노출 시 -> 집단 따돌림
- Direct bullying, Indirect b