Child abuse causes much personal misery for children and parents, raises public concern and requires professional attention.
A nationally coordinated system of managing child abuse cases has evolved in the UK since the mid-1970s.
Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of child abuse which are based on these
registers vary widely, depending on how child abuse is defined, how many cases are
Dependency and Autonomy in pre-school Children
As the sense of a psychological separation from the parent develops, the child can become anxious and apprehensive about physical separation and become clingy.
The majority of two-to three-year olds per-sisted in demands or did what they had just been told not to do.