the future path of industrial relations in a new market-led open economy in Korea. In this context, this paper argues that the traditional industrial relations system based on enterprise-level wage bargaining should be supplemented by the consensus-
the 1980s and the Mexican crisis in late 1994; and the increased
pressures for industry protection against foreign competition broadly voiced in the late 1980s and more
vocally espoused in the first half of the 1990s. More recently, the financial crisis that began in East Asia in
1997 and spread to many countries around the globe and the Economic and Monetary Union in Europe
have highlighted the
by 1938 Finland's farmers were able to meet roughly 90 percent of the domestic demand for grain.
The disruptions caused bythe Winter War and the Continuation War caused further food shortages, especially when Finland ceded territory, including about one-tenth of its farmland, to the Soviet Union. The experiences of the depression and the war years persuaded the Finns to secure independent food
bythe federal government during the Civil War that was not backed by gold and not traded at its face value in gold.
미국 남북 전쟁 동안에 연방 정부에 의해 발행된 종이 지폐, 금으로 바꿀 수 없었고, 그것의 가치는 금과 교환 될 수 없었다.
Gross national product (GNP):The value, at market prices, of all final goods and services produced in the economy
The period since the Taft-Hartley Act(1947)in which movement has intervened in labor disputes, taking away some of labor’s earlier gains.
간섭 국면: 정부가 노동 쟁의에 개입하여 노동자들의 기득권을 빼앗아간 태프트-하틀리 법(1947) 이래의 기간
inventories : The stocks of goods that have been produced by business but which have not yet been sold.
trade with Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Historical ties with the US has also had impact upon its international relations. Philippines considers itself a strong ally of the US and has supported various participations in the ‘Iraq War’ and the ‘War on Terror’.
However Philippines has tensions regarding the claims to land and water territories in the South China Sea. Other