[국제운송론] 한국의 물류개발(영문)에 대한 자료입니다.
2. Overview-Korea’s Logistics Industry
3. Air Transportation in Korea
4. Sea Transportation in Korea
5. Land Transportation in Korea
6. New Trend
2-3. Rapidly Growing Logistics Market
South Korea boasts an excellent location in Northeast Asia and a superior logistics infrastructure which is linked to various major cities in the region. South Korea's world-class manufacturing companies including Samsung Electronics, Hyundai-Kia Motors, LG Electronics, LG Display, Hynix Semiconductors, Hyundai Heavy Industries, POSCO, and Hyundai MOBIS procure raw materials, semi-finished products, and parts from all over the world, manufacture products in the country’ major hubs, and supply products to numerous parts of the world.
Given that, for corporations, logistics systems which take into account procurement, production and sales are the key to competition, South Korea's superior logistics infrastructure, transportation network and services offer invaluable support for corporations' business operations. South Korea herself is both an attractive production hub and a world class logistics hub, which is already home to a large logistics market. However, the ratio of South Korean corporate shippers using third-party logistics providers is 46 percent, much lower than the 70~80-percent ratios of the corporate shippers of North America and Europe. This means that South Korea has considerable room for her logistics market to grow. The size of South Korea's logistics market has
been estimated at over KRW93 trillion, and is expanding by a considerable percentage every year.
3. Major logistics companies in Korea
Shipping companies account for seven of the top ten logistics companies and eleven of the top 20 logistics companies in terms of sales revenues.
This indicates that logistics services are still concentrated in international transport like shipping rather than specialized logistics service providers that offer full service to shippers in Korea. This clearly shows a structural trend towards shipping companies, which take up 74.8% of the total sales among the top 20 companies.
There are nine representative specialized logistics companies (including Globis, Korea Express, Samsung Electronics Logitech, Pantos Logistics and Hanjin with sales of KRW 8.51 trillion in total). Specialized logistics companies accordingly have strengthened their presence in Korea.
The Korean government introduced a certification policy for full-service logistics companies aiming to globalize the Korean logistics industry in January 2006.
3-1 Present logistics subsidiaries of large-sized companies
Most specialized logistics companies are subsidiaries of large conglomerates (or business groups) in Korea. They laid the foundation for growth based on sales from other subsidiaries within the same business group and have tended to develop into third-party logistics companies.
4. Logistics Infrastructure in South Korea
The country is perfectly equipped with road and railway networks which connect rapidly and efficiently to the region's major production hubs, industrial complexes, and large-scale urban consumption zones, as well as international trade gateways such as airports and seaports.
5. Logistics Industry Promotion Policy
The South Korean government, having recognized logistics services as a key to national development, has established and is now revising a National Logistics Master Plan composed of 5-year phases. Under this plan, the government will foster the logistics industry as a new growth engine with the aim of creating global value-added, in line with the overall goal of raising logistics value-added to 11-percent of the country's GDP by 2020. At the same time, five major strategies are being implemented to ensure that corporate logistics costs will account for 6 percent of sales to build low-cost, high efficiency national logistics systems, and to enhance the global competitiveness of key national industries. The government is striving to develop South Korea's logistics system into the world's best so as to enhance the country's competitiveness while effectively supporting corporate activities.
Ⅲ. AIR TRANSPORT
1. OVERVIEW- Air Transport industry in Korea
Seven international and seven domestic airports, in addition to Incheon International Airport, are evenly distributed nationwide in Korea. Six international airports (other than Yangyang Airport) specialize in air cargo handling facilities (terminals) and are capable of handling about 1.2 million tons of international and domestic air cargo.
1-1 Size of air transport in korea-Air Cargo Volume
International air cargo volume is steadily swelling. but due to global economy recession in 2008, there are reduction in air cargo traffic. at that time the air transport industry struggled with grow
- Won Geun Park, 『A study on air/sea Intermodal Transportation using Incheon international Airport』, 2004
- 김율성, 『해공(Sea&Air)복합운송의 유통경로 및 포트폴리오 분석』, 2008
- Lecture ‘Introduction to Logistics’ Handout by Prof. Sang-yoon Lee
- Lecture ‘Northeast Asian Economy & Logistics’ Handout by Prof. Yong-hwa Park
- Evolution and trends of the port Organizations, Jose Roberto Nicoletti, 2007
- Port Terminals, Authors : Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dr. Brian Slack and Dr. Theo Notteboom,
-Kotra : http://www.kotra.or.kr/
-KITA : http://www.kita.net/
-Korea logistics association : http://www.koila.or.kr/
-Korea airport s corporation : http://www.airport.co.kr.
-korea airpotal : http://www.airportal.co.kr/
-Korea civil aviation development association :
-Dynamic Busan : http://www.english.busan.go.kr